This initiative offers settlement options to conflict parties and those supporting them in the search for peace.

A settlement is possible

Key Documents 9

Negotiation News 9

Additional Resources 9



Libya: The Dilemmas and Challenges of the Upcoming Elections, ICDI Report 2023

Claudia Gazzini, Forming a Unity Government May be Libya’s Best Bet for Healing Rift, ICG Commentary 7 August 2023

Mehdi Bchir, Beyond Elections: Libya Needs Unified Institutions and Reconciliation, USIP Paper 26 April 2023

Youssef Mohammad Sawani, Libya: An Assessment of 12 Years of International Mediation, ICDI Report March 2023

Stephanie Williams, Two Years on from the Ceasefire Agreement, Libya still Matters, Brookings Institute November 2022

International Crisis Group, International Unity is Needed to Prevent a Divide in Libya, ICG Report 3 March 2022

Simona Ross, Lost in Transition: Constitutional Legitimacy in Libya, Journal of Constitutional Law in the Middle East and North Africa December 2021

Frederic Wehrey, The War is Out of Our Hands: The Internationalization of Libya’s post-2011 Conflicts from Proxies to Boots on the Ground, Carnegie Endowment 14 September 2020

USAID and ABA, In Search of Lost Legitimacy: The Constitutional Process in Libya, Policy Brief 30 October 2019

International Commission of Jurists, Accountability for Serious Crimes under International Law in Libya, 31 July 2019

Lisa Watanabe, UN Mediation in Libya: Peace Still a Distant Prospect, CSS ETH Zurich 6 June 2019

International Peace Institute, UN Libya Envoy: This Conflict, Left to Itself, Can Only Deteriorate and Expand22 May 2019

Alexandre Skander Galand, Making Libya an ICC Priority Situation, Opinio Juris 13 January 2017

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