This initiative offers settlement options to conflict parties and those supporting them in the search for peace.

A settlement is possible

Key Documents 9

Negotiation News 9

Additional Resources 9



Jusaima Moaid-azm Peregrina Syria’s Enduring Turmoil, 9 January 2024

Syrians for Truth and Justice Diversity and the Syrian Constitution: Overbroad Texts that Fail to Protect Minority Rights1 December 2023

Marie-Joelle Zahar Who Negotiates Peace? The Challenge of Inclusion in Syria, ICDI 24 August 2023

Hasmik Egian & Mouin Rabbani The Unbearable Lightness of UN Mediation in Syria, ICDI 24 August 2023

Jusaima Moaid-azm Peregrina A Decade of Western Sanctions Fails to Deliver Change in Syria, ICDI 18 July 2023

Jusaima Moaid-azm Peregrina From ‘Assad Must Go’ to Normalizing Ties: What Now for UN Mediation and Peace in Syria?, ICDI 4 May 2023

Caroline Sweeney Justice Prevails over Realpolitik at Koblenz, Opinio Juris 14 February 2022

Simona Ross U.S. Justifications for the Use of Force in Syria through the Prism of the Responsibility to Protect, Journal of the Use of Force and International Law 12 August 2021

Said Benarbia Syria and the UN Security Council: A Decade of Abysmal Failures, Opinio Juris 28 April 2021

Mona Yacoubian The Best Hope for Sustained De-escalation in Syria, USIP 18 November 2020

William Zartman UN Mediation in the Syrian Crisis, Syria Studies 18 May 2020

Marc Weller Syria Air Strikes: Were they Legal?, BBC 14 April 2018

Marc Weller Forcible Humanitarian Action in International Law – Part II, EJIL:Talk! 18 May 2017

Marc Weller Forcible Humanitarian Action in International Law – Part I, EJIL:Talk! 17 May 2017

Marc Weller Islamic State Crisis: What Force does International Law Allow?, BBC 25 September 2014


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